My Family Research Trolinger / Trollinger / Drollinger. When?

Drollinger / Trolinger / Trollinger when and where did it change. An interesting subject of my most current and currently un-orginized research.


For certain the signed records from Germany and Philadelphia ("German Pioneers - arrivals at Port of Philadelphia from 1727-1808," Volume II, Author Strassburger-Genealogical Publishing Co., (Baltimore, MD, 1966) and "Arrivals at Port of Philadelphia 1727-1808, Vol I. ) prove that when Adam Drollinger arrived in the United States and was indeed using the spelling Drollinger. What happened before that with German Trollinger and North Carolina Trolinger / Trollinger / Trolenger is of question.

First and best evidence is in the originally signed record. Unfortunatly written records in Trolingers Ford, now Haw River, North Carolina, do not exist for the time of founding. In fact it was not until 1780 that the grant of 250 acres was recorded for Adam. The surname was recorded as Trolenger. (Grant #226, Bk. 32, P. 374)

There is a record from Pennsylvainia showing a land transfer in Bucks County in 17 that also contains the spelling Adam Trolenger to ... The date is interesting and for another topic but it was near the end of Adams life.

A funny thing happened on the way to the grave yard...
Gates Locked, what to do, check out the church of course. 
Car running with old dude on O2 inside,
I check to see if he is okay.  He is, so I asked about
getting inside the gate.  "oh just climb on over if it's locked,"
great I think.
Turns out that this is Mr. Pendergraph and he knows everyone just
about back to Adam (Trolinger) in Haw River.

Next best evidence is in original gave markers. At Haw River there is a one acre plot of land called the Trollinger Family Cemetary as marked by a decaying wooden sign on the ground near the riverside entrance. Iron gates and crafted rock wall encompass the nicely maintained site and of note is the somewhat new Bronze inset plaque dedicating mother Artelia Roney Duke from her sons Benjamin N. and James B. Duke.
The site consists of many original markers, nearly all unreadable. Most of these on the side to the Haw River Methodist Church. On the far side from the church are a collection of Trollinger, Trolinger, Montgomery, Roney, and other markers that are quite readable and of very good quality. Many headstone have simular typeset and milling, but of widely varying date. A large and well documented marker for Adam is present, naming his son's and some brief notes that date well past his death. The best evidence of this is in the footstones which are most unreadable, the ones that can be read have initials only and are the same as the headstones to the church side sites. Hence it appears that most headstones were replaced at times with more readable and perhaps more detailed descriptions and this is not the most reliable of evidence to be found. I do beleive that the spellings were preserved which should give cause to many a researcher to visit this site.
Most of the markers, including Adam Trolinger are with the single L. Only late 1800 to 1900 markers show Trollinger without exception.

In late 1775 a diary of the Little Pilgrim Congregation has two entries that discuss an encounter with 'Drollinger' at Haw River. Whether or not this is a pronunciation spelling or fact is of question although in other passages acuracy is noted in all the place names.
Records of the Moravians in North Carolina, I, 140-146.

In the Day book of Adam's son Jacob Trolinger, dated Jany 1840, there is clear handwritten evidence of the Spelling Trolinger in as many places as it can be read this including the inside cover and the many relations that 'oad' money to Jacob.

This clearly puts the use of Trolinger between 1780 and 1870 and starting with Jacob Trolinger.

John David Trolinger, January 2001

Evidence and such detail:

High Falls Mill Day Book for Trolinger Factory, 1839-1840

Inside front cover "day book commencing Jany 18, 1840"

   (first entry references 1839 though)

Throughout the book (ledger), which had newspaper clippings glued over 80% of the pages 
all the entries to be seen have surnames spelt Trolinger.  Example;

Bill Trolinger $60 oad (signed me)
John Trolinger $10 oad (signed me)

Source: High Falls Mill Day Book, Jacob Trolinger, 1840
        donated by Betty Montgomery Waugh to the Haw River Historical Association
        is unique and resides at Haw River Museum, under glass, under a picture of
        the mysterious John Trolinger.

Map of 1942 Haw River, showing the significant home sites and places, has several references
to Trollinger's in the area including Trollingwood Granite.

Source: Map of 1942 Haw River, by Richard Jarrett, 1-1-95
        Unique, resides at Haw River Museum, with key book.


In a conversation with Luke Trollinger in 1995, "we spell it with two L's but that is not 
the way we used to spell it."


In 1742 the Sherrif to a survey and found 20 white men in as many counties.

Because of the volume of people coming into the area record keeping stopped for ten years
from 1763 to around 1773. Problaby the only land records to be had are in England

Adam Trolinger's Original Homesite:

At Main  and Hanover Streets is a home that is thought to be the original homesite of Adam
but is in dispute with some.  Also along the private road (un-named?) is a barn.  
Rumor has that parts of the original log cabin are part of and inside of the home.

Source:  Gail Knauff interview Jan 18, 2001

Trolinger Family Cemetary, Church and Lang Streets, adjacent to Haw River Methodist Church

Riverside Entrance
Wooden decayed sign on ground ;
Trollinger Family Cemetary C.A. 1745   29

Newer Plaque inset in gate column ;
Benjamin N. Duke and James B. Duke in memory of mother Artelia Roney Duke 1829-1858

The great majority of the markers, including the "Adam Trolinger" have the surname Trolinger.
Complete Listing


Adam Trolinger                              d. AD 1776       a. 83
     Marker "erected in memory of with other details..."

Henry Trolinger                             d. 29 Feb 1844   a. 83
     S.A.R 1775 Marker on ground below headstone, appears recent

James Daniel Trolinger     b. 21 Feb 18__   d. 25 Feb 185_

Mary Trolinger                              d. 1851          a. 82

John Montgomery Trolinger  b. 20 Sep 1836.  d. 2  Dec 1852
      Son of Benjamin N and Nancy E

Jno B. Trolinger           b. 1862          d. 28 Jul 186_ 

Benj N. Trolinger          b. 27 Oct 1810   d. 20 Sep 1862

John Trolinger             b. 18 Dec 1790   d. 8  Oct 1869

Elizabeth Trolinger        b. 20 Apr 1789   d. 22 Mar 1871
     Wife of John Trolinger

Maud L. Trolinger          b. 7 Apr  1874   d. 11 Jan 1878
     Dau of

Jacob T. Trolinger         b. 26 Jul 1826   d. 21 May 1879   a. 53

Nancy Montgomery Trolinger b. 29 Apr 1815   d. circa  1898


Myrtly Trollinger           b. 1880          d. 1978
John W Trollinger           b. 1883          d. 1970
Lilly Virginia Trollinger   b. Dec 20 1883   d. Jan 23 1968
Birtie Trollinger           b. 1877          d. 1958
Joseph Wheeler Trollinger   b. July 3, 1867  d. 3,1890       a. 23
unk Trollinger              b. 1895
unk Trollinger              b. 1896
Wm G. Trollinger            b. Jan 23, 1871  d. Aug 30 1871  a. 7m


Source: Trollinger Family Cemetary, Jan 2001

Union Ridge United Church of Christ Cemetery in Alamance County, NC

Duke, C. P. Wm. D                              d. 1822
Roney, Alice L.             b. Oct 17, 1854    d. Sept 14th, 1859
            (Daughter of B. F. and C. M. Roney) (Triple stone)

Roney, Benjamin F.          b. Oct 4, 1816     d. June 6, 1876
Roney, Benjamin T.          b. July 15,1856    d.                (Son of B. F. and C. M. Roney)

Artelia Roney who was married to Buck Duke, was the daughter of Benjamin F. Roney 
and his first wife, Delilah Montgomery.

Source: Union Ridge Cemetary


Faucette, Lillian Trollinger  b. 05-28-1886     d. 08-03-1951
            dau of James Henry & Bell Trollinger

Marriages, NC, searched inger, trol, drol
searched all records, no Drollingers, no 1700's

Orange County, NC

Ttollingar, John    Polly McCullock      6  May  1806          Allen McDougall
Trolinger, Jno.     Elizabeth Roney      23 Jan. 1810          Andrew Roney
Trolinger, Jacob    Margaret Bloushard   7  Apr. 1815          James Thomas
Roney, John         Mary Trolinger       12 Dec. 1815          Jacob Trolinger
Freshwater, David   Catherine Trolinger  26 Nov. 1821          W. F. Jones    [w] Jos. A. Woods
Trolinger, Henry    Polly Blanchett      25 Apr. 1826          Jno. Trollinger
Bason, Henry        Mary Trolinger       3  Apr. 1832          Benjamin Trolinger
Trolinger, Ben.     Nancy Montgomery     17 Apr. 1832          Jeremiah Bacon
Holt, Jno.          Catherine Trolinger  21 Aug. 1833          Michl. Holt
Tarley, Henry       Margaret Trolonger   9  Nov. 1833          Abram Tartley
Eason, John         Peggy Trolinger      23 Feb. 1835          John Griffis
Clapp, Emanuel      Elizabeth Trolinger  4 Sept. 1837          Dan. Clapp
Trolinger, Fred.    Absilla Trotman      28 Feb. 1841          Joseph Trolinger
Montgomery, James   Cornely Troinger     19 Sept 1845          Daniel Montgomery

McAdams, Benjamin   E. C. Trollinger     15 jan. 1849          Thos, Griffis


Gant, Jacob          Dorsey Isley        26 Mar. 1838    Joseph Trolinger
Boswell, Wm.         Nancy Qualls        14 Aug. 1847    James Trolinger
Gant, Jushua A.      Mary McCulley       2  Dec. 1847     James Trolinger

Alamance County, NC

TROLINGER,William H. Elizabeth WALKER     11 Dec. 1878
Dixon, John S        Trolinger,Martha Ann 24 Dec. 1866         John Wilkins  WA Albright GJ Freeland,JP


Palmer, Ch(arle)s H  Gant, Sarah L       25 Dec. 1866          John T Trollinger GJ Freeland,JP WA Albright


Wm. Trolinger, 112

Elizabeth, 115
Elizabeth Clapp, 115
John, 115

Source: Orange County, NC Marriage Bonds. File contributed for use in USGenWeb Archives by Betty Mayes

Source: Alamance County Marriages 1868-1889 WALKER Nuptials MS LOUISE T OVERTON

Source: ALAMANCE COUNTY, NC - VITALS - Marriage Bonds: 1854-1867 Bill Teer


Orange County NC  1790 Census; searched inger, trol, drol 

Trolinger, Henry              Orange District

GUILFORD COUNTY, NC - CENSUS - 1850 Census Index; searched inger, trol, drol

TROLINGER                     film page 443A
STROLIN                       film page 415A

ALAMANCE COUNTY, NC - CENSUS - 1850 Census Index; searched inger, trol, drol

TROLINGER                     film page 53B-57A-69B-86A-88A-88B-94B-95A

Source: 1790 NC Orange Cty, Hillsborough dist. pg 92a by Alice Tatum NAMES TAKEN FROM CTY TAX LISTS




1755 T645  TROLINGER     Adam
1779 T645  TROLINGER     Adam

1779 D645  DROLLINGER    Henry

1779 R500  RONEY         Benjamin

1755 R500  RONEY         James
1779 R500  RONEY         James

1779 D200  DUKE          John

1779 M532  MONTGOMERY    Benjamin
1779 M532  MONTGOMERY    William

These "Tax Records" were copied from the North Carolina Division
of Archives & History, 109 East Jones Street, Raleigh, NC.


3 May 1778, Adam Trolenger entered claim for a grant of 250
acres of land on the west side of Haw River in Orange County, North Carolina. 
This grant was issued 13 March 1780 (Grant #226, Bk. 32, P. 374). 

Probably Adam, but maybe Jacob Henry, jdt

 Oct. 31. The road was miserable, but we made 26 miles, crossed the Haw River,
 and camped near Drollinger’s. He was not at home when we arrived but returned
 late, somewhat intoxicated. He made a great stir when he saw that a fire had been
 built on his land, but when he learned who we were he excused himself, — “he was
 ashamed that he had drunk so much,—we should not think ill of him,—we were
 heartily welcome,—he was a poor fellow who could not help himself,—but he was at
 our service.” He soon went to his house, and we were well content. We nearly had a
 serious misfortune today, for fire was discovered in the beds in the Sisters’ tent.
 Fortunately it was found in time and extinguished. As the Brethren slept by the fire at
 night a burning log rolled toward them, but they were waked in time.

 Nov. 1. Drollinger attended our morning prayers, and gave our drivers some hay,
 and went with us to a road leading to a mill. He was much ashamed of last night, and
 wished that we could spend the day with him so that he might kill a cow, and share it
 with us as a peace offering. We felt sorry for the poor man, for he seems to love the
 Brethren, and the Saviour will not let his willingness to serve us go unrewarded. After
 dinner Br. Sauter rode ahead to the Wachau; Br. Christian Henrich gave him a letter
 to the Brethren there announcing our approach. We had a fairly good night, but
 toward day the wolves waked us with their not particularly agreeable howling. Our
 Graff joined in the concert, but when the wolves heard the new voice they suddenly

Source: Diary of the Little Pilgrim Congregation that on Oct. 2, 1755, left Bethlehem for the Wachau in North Carolina.

Records of the Moravians in North Carolina, I, 140-146. edited by Adelaide L. Fries and others

The family name was originally spelled Drollinger, and the ancestor of the Virginia branches, 
Adam Drollinger used that spelling. 
Adam's son, Henry Jacob, changed the spelling of the family name to Trollinger, but its 
pronunciation remained "Drolinger" during his life-time. 

A son of Henry Jacob, John, kept the spellilng Trolinger, but his son John dropped one "L" 
resulting in the present-day spelling of Trolinger. 

Source: Durst and Darst Families of America, with discussions of Forty Related Families 
Sandford Charles Gladden, 1969. p 734, 751. 

1779, Aug 11, - Deed recorded, Wast PA. 
          "I, Adam Trollinger, to me 95 pounds money of Penna. paid by Nicholas Gower, 
           Salisburg, Northampton Co., land situated on Tetamy Creek - adjoining the 
           lands of John Lefevrr. 100 acres (more or less). Signed in presence of 
           Jacob Weif (Weiss), and Joseph Wollnot, Northampton Co., 18th day of July 1779. 
           Sealed by Abraham Berlin. 


        Immigrant's surname:   TROLLINGER
  Immigrant's given name(s):   Adam
                  Ship name:   Nancy
          U.S. arrival date:   20 Sep 1738
                       Port:   Philadelphia
            Place of origin:   near Karlshrue Germany
                     Source:   Oath of Allegience, Philadelphia


 HAW RIVER — Don’t look for a “For Sale” sign in front of the big Granite Plant
 premises anytime soon. Cone Mills Corp., the Greensboro-based textile manufacturing
 company that operated the plant from 1928 until 1997, has no known plans to sell the
 property, said Carolyn Hines, a spokeswoman for the firm.
 “The company is using the plant for a warehouse,” Hines said.
 She said a skeleton crew of about 15 employees is based at the sprawling, 560,000-square-foot
 mill. It is alongside the town of Haw River’s West Main Street, on the east bank of the 
 Haw River.
 It remains valuable property, according to records at Alamance County Tax Department, 
 which show the tax value of the plant and its 28 acre site at about $4.2 million.

 The mill, one of the oldest textile plants in Alamance County, was mostly phased out of
 manufacturing operations during 1997, eliminating its 166 employees’ jobs. The company’s
 payroll at the plant amounted to $4.75 million in 1996, Hines said.

 The first portion of the plant pre-dates the formation of Alamance County, which is
 observing its 150th birthday this year.

 History accounts show the original section of the mill was
 built in 1844 by Benjamin Trollinger, son of Adam Trollinger, 
 the original settler in the community that became Haw River.

 In its heyday, the plant was a major producer of corduroy, a fabric for clothing and other products for a
 generation beginning around the middle of the century; more than 500 people were employed there until 1992,
 when Cone Mills staged a major downsizing that slashed more than half the jobs at the mill.



 In 1995, the Town of Haw River celebrated its birthday - its 250th
 birthday! No other community in Alamance County has had such
 a celebration.

 It was in 1745 that Adam Trollinger, a German, brought his
 family to settle the area we now know as Haw River. The spot
 where he settled was good in that it was one of the best
 crossing spots, and there was ample water to provide power.

 His son, Jacob, built a grist mill there, and for many years, the
 little settlement was known as Trollinger's Ford.

 During the Revolutionary War, British Gen. Cornwallis camped
 there and used the ford to cross the river. His troops took grain
 from Jacob Trollinger's mill, and Cornwallis had Trollinger
 seized, tied to a tree and bridled so he could not speak. He was
 later freed by a neighbor.

 Jacob's son Henry built the first bridge over the river, a toll facility
 near the present railroad bridge.

 In 1844, Benjamin Trollinger built a textile mill there, the Granite
 Mill. He later sold that mill to E.M. Holt, and in 1860, Holt sold it
 to his son, Thomas, and the mill began producing Alamance
 Plaids in the Granite Cotton Factory.

 The North Carolina Railroad brought its tracks through the
 community, and that brought new life to the area as well. Haw
 River then became a shipping point for other mills in the area.
 Some goods were brought to Haw River from Swepsonville on
 river barges.

 In the 1880s, Holt built the Cora Cotton Mills across the street
 from Granite, and he operated the mills until his death in 1898.

 The mills remained in the Holt family until the 1920s, and in 1928
 Proximity Manufacturing Co. in Greensboro purchased the plant.
 Proximity divided the mills, and Tabardrey Manufacturing was
 located south of the highway, Granite to the north, and
 manufacturing turned to corduroy products.

 In 1945-46, the mills became part of the Cone Mills Co., and one
 of the plants continued operations until recent months, when
 Cone announced it would end operations in Haw River. The
 future of those plants now is uncertain.

 Haw River also has a rich political , having given North Carolina
 three governors: Thomas M. Holt in 1892; W. Kerr Scott in 1948;
 and Robert W. Scott, Kerr's son, in 1968. Kerr Scott also served
 in the U.S. Senate.

 Haw River was incorporated in 1975.

Source: The Times News

SUBJECT: Haw River, N.C. - Trollinger Memorial Church
CALL NO.: CR917 N87
REEL NO.: 21
VOL. NO.: 84
PAGE(S): 817

Grapes of wrath , or how I DO research with a fine wine; "where much of the production, then as now, consisted of light red wines, the Trollinger grape predominated. The Ahr valley may have been planted with red grapes, but they cannot have included the Pinot Noir, which was not introduced there until the 18th century. Or Blauer Trollinger, is the most common German name for the distinctly ordinary black grape variety known as Schiava in Italy, Vernatsch in the Tyrol, and Black Hamburg by many who grow and buy table grapes. It almost certainly originated in what is now the Italian Tyrol (see Alto Adige) and its German name is a corruption of Tirolinger. In Germany it is grown almost exclusively in Wurttemberg, where its cultivation even as early as the 14th century is documented (see German history). TROLLINGER: German name for the Schiava red wine grape originating in the Tyrol region of Italy.

Trollinger Adam 'Troll'  11-08-1979 03-26-1997  ATK  New Braunfels, TX


Another Beck, this is a real bear to be tamed, jdt

BECK, Valentine-2093 (M)

Birth: abt 1685 in Ellmendingen, Pforzheim, Baden

Spouse: Catharina-5090


Child: Susanna BECK-5378 (Jan 12 1696-Oct 14 1743)

Child: Anna Maria BECK-5346 (Jan 23 1698-)

        Child: Margaretha BEKER-5347 (Oct 1700-)

Child: Friedrich BECK-4452 (Jul 3 1706-Mar 22 1759)

Child: Margaretha BECK-2092 (abt 1710-)

Child: Anna Catharina BECK-5091 (Mar 6 1711-)

Source: ahhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhnnonononono

As to the George Dollinger or other Dollingers being actually Drollingers or Trollingers, I
would point out that there is a village in Austria called Dollingen. One from that village is
known as a Dollinger. 


I would like to add the following tidbits to the Adam being in Haw River in 
1745. In the published archives of Pennsylvania there are 3 references to 
Adam being in Pennsylvania as late as 1750. There are 2 land warrants in 1747 
and a further oath of Alliegence in Bucks County in 1750. The 1750 oath is 
often referred to as a Quaker baptism. Since it is mentioned (I can never get 
the spelling right) in Giuseppi's Quaker Records one can hazard a guess as to 
why it would be mistaken for a baptism. There are no further mentions of Adam 
in Quaker records. When you examine Giuseppi it is indeed an oath of 
alliegence. The signature in Brigette Burketts fine book is possibly from the 
Strassburger and Hincke work 30,000 German Immigrants where I found it in the 
1970s. The Frederick Drullinger of Salem NJ who died in LaPorte County IN 
also signed his name on his pension papers. As an old man and very shaky it 
is on two lines, Frederick Dro and the second line llinger. 

Source: Gordon Drollinger, The Drollinger Mailing List Jan 2001

Henry Jacob signed everything Trolinger in his Day Book for the Mill in 1840  And everyone he listed as 
Trolingers were with one L.  The headstones all have one L contrary to the LDS and GEDcom files.  There are 
A few exceptions in  the latter 1800's-1900's.  I am still mapping the headstones but would estimate 95% say 

I am sure that it went from Drollinger to Trolinger then to Trollinger but to settle this I would like a third live source 
of the change.

A funny thing happened on the way to the grave yard
Gates Locked, what to do, check out the church of course.
Around the front there is a car running with old dude on O2 
complete with breathing tube inside, I check to see if he is okay.  
He is, and even rolled down the passenger side window in 
response to my wave, so I asked about getting inside the gate.
"oh just climb on over if it's locked,"
Great I think. 
Introduced myself , "Hi, I'm John Trolinger."
"John Trolinger huh?"
Turns out that this is Mr. Pendergraph  he knows everyone
back to Adam (Trolinger) and the Indians  in Haw River has
the stories to prove it.  Used to mow the graveyard until the Dukes
pissed him off...watched Luke Trolinger play with fish in the river...

Had to stand at the passenger side window the whole time but
have lots of notes on new places to look.

That led me to the town historian which led me to the museum which
led me to the Trolinger archive which led me to that single L in the Day Book
of Jacob Henry, 1840, one of a kind never been seen outside Haw River,
ledger of the Mill complete with names dates and newspaper clippings.
Lots of Trolinger's 'oad' Jacob money    ;)

Things mosly move the way they will in North Carolina but Gail is from 
Baltimore MD so things sped up a bit on this driving (rain) tour of the
Haw River...

Now I am working on getting into Adam'  house (so it is thought) to see
if there are really parts of the original log home in it.  Am hoping to find
the initials A.T. carved in a tree trunk and really upset things.

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  created: January-2001, revised: January-2001